One of these, Valencianism, has left its mark on the city in many ways. The most visible example of this is Km 0 – or “zero kilometer” – which marks the centre point of Valencia’s historic Old Town district.
Km 0 was first established in 1871 as part of an effort to reorganize the street system in Valencia’s old town district. It marked the beginning point for all distances within Valencia City; from here, one could measure any distance inside or outside the city walls with relative ease. This made it easier for citizens and visitors alike to navigate their way around town without getting lost.
Throughout history, Km 0 has served as a symbol for Valencianism and its culture. During Franco’s dictatorship (1939-1975), the area surrounding Km 0 became a gathering place for those who opposed his regime – including members of political parties such as Republicans and Socialists – who would gather there to protest against his oppressive rule. In recent years, it has become a popular spot among locals and tourists alike due to its proximity to some of Valencia’s best attractions like La Lonja de la Seda (the Silk Exchange) or Santa Catalina Church.